• About Ham Radio (H)

    From Daryl Stout@HURRICAN/THUNDER to All on Sat Apr 1 00:06:00 2017

    The date was November 30, 1983. The voice belonged to Dr. Owen Garriott,
    NASA astronaut, Amateur Radio operator, as he called "CQ", ham radio
    shorthand for "Calling Anybody". Over the next several days, several
    thousand "anybodies" on Earth returned Garriott's calls. It was the
    first time a ham had operated his radio in space. Only a few hundred
    earthbound hams got through, but more than ten thousand others were able
    to listen with simple equipment. The experience of sitting at home or
    in their cars and hearing a voice directly from space, was excitement

    In 1985, the success of the SAREX (Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment)
    Project prompted a strong commitment from NASA for future "Ham-in-Space" missions. SAREX is a two-way television picture exchange - Slow-scan TV -
    from the shuttle to Earth. More than 7,600 school children participated
    in the experiment. Thanks to Tony England, W0ORE, on board the Challenger, Slow-scan TV got the chance to show how valuable amateur radio can be to
    the success of a mission. While Astronauts Garriott and England's
    transmissions from space ushered in a new era in Amateur Radio history,
    they were by no means the first Amateur Radio SIGNALS heard from space.
    Hams haven't needed one of their own IN space to make use of it.


    Who is Oscar? Well, OSCAR is more of a "what" than a "who". The
    letters stand for Orbiting Satellite Carrying Amateur Radio, and
    actually refer to a series of ham radio satellites - relay stations in
    space. The first OSCAR was launched back in 1951, just four years into
    the Space Age. It was the first satelite that didn't belong to
    somebody's government.

    Nearly 10,000 hams around the world have used the OSCAR satellites.
    Many have won special awards for contacting hams in 100 or more
    countries via satellite. OSCAR-1 was a fairly primitive satellite,
    built by a group of hams fromCalifornia. OSCAR-10, launched in 1983,
    was an international effort, built by hams from four continents,
    coordinated by AMSAT, the Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation. AMSAT is
    a non-profit scientific organization based in Washington, DC. Its
    primary goal is to further the use of space for ham radio
    communication. It depends on member contributions to pay the cost of
    such things as building satellites and getting them launched. It
    receives no government funds. More information is available from AMSAT,
    PO Box 27, Washington, DC 20044.

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